Heliconia Flower or Lobster-Claw / Parrot Flowers is used as a cut flower in their daily lives. These plants come from islands in the Pacific ocean. Plants with color flowers is a common flower pots decorate the house as famous for her beauty. Heliconia herbacius is a plant that grows upright and has a rhizome.
Shoots will grow into leaves and stems, at the end of flower buds will grow. Heliconia stem is a layer of leaf midrib can be said as the pseudostem. In general, leaf color is green, but there is also a red or maroon underneath like a genius H. reticulate, H.ramonensis and H.imbricate.
The leaves are narrow section ends there as H.chartaca. In general, heliconia flowers grow at the end of the plant but there is also the base of the plant. Plants in adults when formed infloresan said. Heliconia flower hermaphrodites, having male and female flowers, flower consists of three maps.
The Atention in Planting Heliconia
Heliconia Flower or Lobster-Claw / Parrot Flowers initiation was not affected air temperature, but the temperature increase ranging from vegetative growth to flowering development fairly influential. Night temperature increased from vegetative to the generative phase of the types Heliconia Psittacorum to 70 plants/m2 and 25 /m2 flowers at a temperature of 16 Celsius to a rod 170 plants/m2 and 60 flowers / m2 to 21 Cellicius temperature. Even though almost all types of heliconia are tropical plants, but there are some species that can survive when planted at low temperatures.
Heliconia plants in their home areas in the open canopy, thus requires full exposure of the light deficiency sun. If interest will be reduced, this is important. In Hawaiian heliconia flowers grown in the open, yet can be in tolerance to shade 30% ie Heleconia angusta.
Reduced light intensity to heliconia psittacorum to 63%, can result in reducing the rate to 25-33%. Low intensity which can also result in a small trunk. Potted plants require high light intensity, if you want to put potted plants indoors should have first flowering outdoors.
Leaves when lack of moisture as would roll up, watering is planned from the time of planting to avoid water shortages. Watering can be done with a 1 cm / day in order to be good drainage, on hard ground can be watered 2.5 cm / week plus rain. These plants need plenty of water to condition water shortages will occur chlorosis and root damage due to poor soil aeration.
Rhizom planted too deep will also have problems with water. Planting in pots is often problematic because when too much water the roots will be damaged, while growing plants need plenty of water.
Heliconia highly dependent on adequate fertilization. Deficient in magnesium, iron and manganese cause chlorosis and slow growth. Nitrogen deficiency resulting green leaves become yellow and stunted growth, lack of potassium will cause necrosis on older leaves, plus symptoms of chlorosis. Magnesium deficiency symptoms on older leaves, showing yellow on leaf margins. Ferum less will make the white leaves yellow with green review. Potted plants require adequate fertilizer, in the form of artificial fertilizers such as manure or leaf osmocot.
This plant is tolerant of many soil types, ranging from volcanic soil, alluvial soil, up to solid ground. heliconia being planted in pots, must have good drainage. Rhizom having 3 rods planted in 15 cm diameter pots, which have 3-4 rods in 20 cm diameter pots and having 5 rods planted in 25 cm diameter pots.
Helocinia Maintenance & Care
Maintenance is not too difficult, that needs attention is give nutrients and keep out pests, spraying is given from 2-3 months from the time of planting at helocinia reaches 10-15 cm. Each pot was sprayed 15-30 ppm Bonzil also poured about 0,375 mg / pot 15 cm diameter.
This plant is known for unusual cut flowers made in / ornamental, makes a beautiful color favored by many people, those of you who are interested in doing business or planting flowers Heliconia then you can start from now, not hard to develop it!